When you look at cat eyes, what do you see?
A lot of experts believe that cats are color-blind and that cat eyes are more sensitive to movement compared to humans. That’s not really true, cat’s can see some color but not as develop as ours. Cats see the world in soft focus and cannot see detail sharply because the lens in its eye is large, in order to gather as much light as possible. They usually see about one-sixth of the amount of light we need; its pupils can dilate to 90 percent of the eye area, but in sunlight they have to close their eyes completely to protect them.
Cat eyes have what is known as, tapetum lucidum
, a layer of reflective cells behind the retina or the back of the eye. It acts just like a mirror, reflecting the light to bounce back through the retina. You see this when you flash a beam of light in front of your cat’s eyes or take a photo. It gives your cats eyes a nighttime eerie glow.
You can also tell what your cat is feeling by looking at their eyes. Here are some signs.
- Eyes that are wide open are usually signs that your cat is alert, intense, interested, terrified, surprised, anxious, excited, unsure, bewildered, shocked, or anticipating.
- Eyes that are half closed usually mean that your cat is studying, surveying, solving, wondering, relaxed, sleepy, content, bored, pretending to be bored, or suspicious.
- Eyes that are just showing a sliver means that your cat is really relaxed, really sleepy, really bored, or really suspicious.
- Eyes that are open but repeatedly closing half way mean that your cat is adoring, wishing, hoping, yearning, imagining, pleading, placating, or longing.
Cat eye colors starts when they are born. Kittens are born with blue eyes and change color when they mature. Most adult cats have coppery brown, orange, yellow, or green eyes; a few remain blue due to coat color genes. Because of breeding, a range of colors is produced in domestic cats from sparkling blue through green to orange.
Most eye color is not governed by coat color, except for blue eyes. Blue eyes are cause by forms of albinism that lead to a lack of pigmentation in both the coat and the iris, and occur in cats with white coats. Blue-eyed white cats are often deaf as well.
Cats eyes are protruding and this gives them a wider-angle vision compared to humans. They also have amazing peripheral vision. These two traits are important for an animal that is both prey and predator.
Cats eyes have different shapes depending on what breed the cat is. They tend to be oval and slightly slanted, some have rounder eyes, some almond shape, slanted eyes and some shapes, such as prominent eyes in flat faces (like the Persian breed) are prone to tear overflow and infection.
Have you ever notice your cat staring at you and then slowly blinking? That’s your cat’s way of giving you a kiss. Try to do the same back to your cat and see what happens.
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